What is Decentralized Storage?

March 8, 2022

On February 18, 2022, Red Cross servers were hacked due to an unpatched vulnerability, resulting in the compromise of over half a million highly vulnerable people's personal information. This story is not unique, as we all typically store our data on centralized servers. These servers can be susceptible to cyber-attacks and hacking, putting our data at risk of being compromised. But what if there was a way to store data without a single point of failure?

Different types of data storage and why they're so popular in the market

Data Storage is the most crucial part of any IT infrastructure. It is the foundation for many of the processes in a company, and it's becoming more critical every day.  There are many types of data storage out there, but the most popular ones are cloud storage and on-premise storage.

Cloud storage refers to any data storage hosted by a third party instead of being stored directly on your device or within your own personal network. On-premise storage refers to storage hosted by a company itself. On-Premise storage is prevalent with big enterprises, especially those that deal with sensitive data, such as banks, insurers, etc. 

Cloud storage is very popular because it's easier to access and maintain and easy to scale. In contrast, on-premise storage is more secure and allows you to control your data completely.

What is Decentralized Storage?

Decentralized storage is a type of cloud storage that does not rely on a centralized server. Instead, it is distributed across multiple computers in a network. Decentralized storage has become popular in recent years because it is more secure and more reliable than centralized storage, it also has the potential to be faster and cheaper than traditional methods of data storage thanks to incentives on a cryptocurrency protocol level.

Decentralized storage is an alternative to centralized data storage systems because it does not have a single point of failure. It can be used for storing any type of file, and it can be accessed from anywhere in the world with an internet connection.

How Does it Work?

Decentralized storage is a technology that enables the storage of digital data in multiple locations across a computer network without any one person or organization controlling the information. 

Data is usually encrypted and split into small pieces, which ensures that no individual providing storage space can see the content of the data.

The security of these decentralized storage networks can be assured by using cryptographic verification and consensus algorithms, such as Proof of Work and Proof of Stake, which can play a role in securing the underlying network.

The decentralized system makes it difficult for hackers to access your data and steal it from one central location. In addition, decentralized networks make it difficult for governments to seize your information if they want access to it without your knowledge or consent.

What are the Major Benefits of Decentralized Storage Systems?

Overall we can see that Decentralized storage offers many of the benefits that regular cloud storage does and provides some additional benefits. The decentralized nature makes it difficult for hackers to access your data and steal it from one central location. In addition, decentralized networks make it difficult for governments to seize your information if they want access to it without your knowledge or consent. Finally, decentralized networks are immutable, which means that the data can't be edited or removed without a users' permission, and failure of a piece of the network doesn't damage the data.

In short, it has the following advantages:

  • Data is more secure because it is distributed across different nodes, so there are no single points of failure or attack.
  • Allows for more efficient data sharing because many nodes can store identical copies of the same file simultaneously.
  • Data is never lost or altered due to failure or fraud because decentralized storage is immutable.
  • It costs less to store data because there are no centralized servers, and less energy is consumed.
  • It doesn't require any central authority. You are the only person who has complete control over your data.
  • Reduces the risk of data loss (if one node fails, the data will still be available on some other node)
  • Provides users with greater control over their data

The Future of Decentralized Storage Systems in 2022 & the Top 7 Industries that will Benefit the Most from Decentralized Data

Decentralized storage systems will be an integral part of the future internet because of the changing digital landscape. The world has become more data-driven, but this has created problems for the internet we know today. The centralized servers that store our data are vulnerable to attack and are not scalable enough for a growing population. This problem will only worsen as more people join the internet and bring their devices with them.

Therefore, it is necessary to create a new type of internet that can provide better security, reliability, scalability, and privacy than what we have now.

The future of decentralized storage systems is bright and will be used in a lot of industries in the coming years. The industries that will benefit the most from decentralized data are:

  • Governments and organizations with strict security requirements
  • Scientific research institutions that need to store sensitive data
  • Startups who need a way to store their customer information securely
  • Healthcare
  • Finance
  • Transportation
  • Consumers who wish to control their data safely

Are you curious how you can make use of decentralized storage? Click here to join our community on Telegram or Discord and ask your questions!